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Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

All of the chemical symbols for elements when you look at the regular dining table make sense; you can find a tiny selection, nonetheless, that seem to bear no regards to their element’s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names a couple of days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right here’s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with causes of them.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply is going to be the work ‘natrun’ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in place of salt, also it’s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes remaining whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, lots of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, together with title lends the element its chemical icon, K.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin title, ‘ferrum’, provides it its icon Fe; it simply means ‘iron‘sword’ or’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in numerous languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. There’s an inventory of 213 of these here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements called after places, but copper’s title is much more simple than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which it self arises from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago because of its copper reserves. The title ended up being sooner or later simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is believed to derive originally from A indo-european language, most most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The united states Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after having a chemical element, as opposed to the other way around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, could be produced from the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at a minimal heat. There’s also speculation it may be based on the Cornish ‘stean’ as a result of Cornwall’s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just based on the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, talking about the usage of antimony substances being an old eye cosmetic. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.

Tungsten – Wolfram (W)

Wolfram ended up being known as following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This might be from the German ‘wolf rahm’, or ‘wolf’s foam’ free catholic dating sites, talking about the total amount of tin ‘eaten’ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – notably apt, since it’s the 7th densest element into the regular dining dining dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin title was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to offer ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A number of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding into the planets, too, but Mercury’s is alone that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation associated with English words that is‘plumbing ‘plumber’, as a result of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.

References & Further Reading